The medical term orthodontia is basically referring to the branch or the specialty field of dentistry that is also called as dentofacial orthopedics or orthodontics. The origin of the term orthodontics is the Greek words, orthos that means straight or correct, and odont that means tooth. This specific specialty field of dentistry is basically designed to deal with the correction, diagnosis and prevention of any improper positioning or malposition of the jaws and the teeth. The jaws and the teeth that are unfit with each other and are crooked may be at risk of losing the teeth early due to periodontal disease and tooth decay; are definitely harder to keep clean; and can definitely cause extra stress on the chewing muscles which may lead to temporomandibular joint or TMJ syndrome, neck pain, shoulder pain, back pain, and headaches.
The one who specializes and has the knowledge and the skills in the branch of orthodontics is called as the orthodontist, and he or she has undergone special training that is approved by the ADA after they finished or graduated in dentistry or dental degree. The people who needs to seek the help and the dental services of an orthodontist are the ones who are suffering from overbite, which is also called as buck teeth and it is where their upper front teeth lie too far forward or stick out over their lower teeth; crowding, wherein they have too many teeth for the dental ridge to accommodate; spacing, wherein there are spaces or gaps between their teeth; misplaced midline, wherein the center of their upper front teeth are unaligned with the center of their lower front teeth; underbite, wherein their teeth is in bulldog appearance; crossbite, wherein their upper teeth does not come down slightly in front of their lower teeth when biting; and open bite, refers to the space between the biting surfaces of their side and front area when the back teeth are biting together.
The treatment services or appliances offered and used by an orthodontist to their patient are categorized into two ways, namely the fixed appliances and the removable appliances, for this can help retrain the muscles, affect the growth of the jaws, and help move the teeth. There are basically three types of fixed appliances used by a certified or licensed orthodontist, namely the braces, which is recognized as the most common fixed appliances used by the orthodontist and it consists of wires, brackets, and bands; the special fixed appliances, which is being used to control tongue thrusting or thumb sucking and these are being attached to the teeth with the use of bands; and the fixed space maintainers, which can be used to keep the space open until the eruption of the permanent teeth. The different kinds of removable appliances produced and used by the orthodontist to their patients includes the jaw repositioning appliances, the headgear, the aligners, the removable space maintainers, the removable retainers, the palatal expander, and the lip and cheek bumpers.Study: My Understanding of Dentists